Silves is a municipality in
the Portuguese Algarve of southern
Portugal. The population in 2011 was
37,126, in an area of 680.06 km². The urbanized
area includes approximately 11,000 inhabitants.
Silves is the former capital of the Algarve and
is of great historical importance.
The municipality is crossed by the Arade River,
which was navigable in historical times and was
key to the prosperity of the city of Silves. The
waters of the river form the dams of Arade and
Funcho. The landscape of the municipality is
generally hilly. To the south the municipality
borders the Atlantic Ocean.
Silves is built on top of one of the largest
underground aquifers in the south of Portugal,
The Querença-Silves Aquifer, and has many orange
groves, a fruit introduced by the Moors.